Strength (Clinical)

Bicep Curl Test The biceps or arm curl indicates arm strength & is associated with the ability of a person to perform lifestyle tasks such as carrying heavy objects in ADLs. See normative values below.
Time Loaded Stance Test (Shipp, 2000) For this test, the client stands holding a 2 lb. weight at chest height with elbows extended, neutral pronation/supination. The patient is timed for how long they can hold this position. Timing stopped if they can’t maintain the test position or voluntarily set down the weights. Maximum time for test is 2 minutes. The task is well-tolerated and safe for the frail and oldest-old as this test is self-limiting.
5 Sit-to-Stand Test (Bohannon, 2006) The 5 sit to stand test originally has been used as a surrogate measure for lower extremity strength. Subsequent research has suggested that it is not entirely inferring strength but may predict recurrent falls. Interpretation: Exceeding the following scores indicates a worse than average performance: 11.4 sec (60-9 yrs.); 12.6 sec (70-9 yrs.); 14.8 sec (80-9 yrs.)

Normative Values: Bicep Curls


Risk zone is less than 11 repetitions.

Normal range of scores: Bicep Curls
60-64 13-19 16-22
65-69 12-18 15-21
70-74 12-17 14-21
75-79 11-17 13-19
80-84 10-16 13-19
85-90 10-15 11-17
90-95 8-13 10-14

This value is what your client would be expected to do, based on their age and sex. If they are unable to achieve this number of repetitions, then arm strength may be an issue for them and something you might want to work into their exercise routine.

Bohannon, R.W. (2006). Reference values for the five-repetition sit-to-stand test: A descriptive meta-analysis of data from elders. Perceptual and Motor Skills, (103), 215-222.

Shipp, K.M., Purse, J.L., Gold, D.T., Peiper, C.F., Schenkman, M.S., Lyles, K.W. (2000). Timed loaded standing: a measure of trunk and upper extremity endurance suitable for people with osteoporosis. Osteoporosis Int., 11:914-922